There are several methods of composting including open and covered windows, aerated static piles, and in-vessel technologies to name a few. A newly emerging technology in BC is called “anaerobic digestion”, which takes organic wastes like food material and captures methane in the process to create renewable energy. In the basic composting process – naturally occurring microorganisms decompose organic waste. Composting facilities manage the proper balance of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, moisture and temperature to create a saleable product that is made available for a variety of uses in landscaping, erosion control, and farming applications.
Finished compost is tested and graded, which determines its final use. The resulting product can be used on site at the processing facility such as a farm, or it can be sold as a product that enriches soil by improving its structure and increasing its moisture and nutrient retention. When compost is used in farming, gardening and landscaping applications, it provides organic nutrients to plants without the use of chemical fertilizers and retains moisture in the soil, reducing the need for watering.