Paper Recycling is relatively straightforward and has been around for decades. After collection, paper and cardboard is sorted then baled for shipment to a mill. At a paper mill, recycled paper products are introduced into a pulper as one of three feedstocks for making new paper: mill broke, pre-consumer waste, and post-consumer waste. Mill broke is paper recycled from the production of paper at the mill. Pre-consumer waste is material which left the paper mill but was discarded before it was ready for consumer use, or paper being recovered from a printer before it was printed. Post-consumer paper comes from a blue box program and can include old corrugated containers (OCC), magazines, newspapers or food packaging.

The process of waste paper recycling involves making a pulp by mixing used paper with water and chemicals to break it down. By heating and chopping, the slurry is broken down into strands of cellulose called pulp. It runs through a series of processes to remove contaminants, inks, and other undesirable materials, then made into paper.


Approximately 324 litres of water is used to produce 1 kg of paper.
Source: Environment Canada

Average per capita paper use in the USA is 333 kg
Average per capita paper use worldwide is 48 kg
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1997

Asia has surpassed Western Europe in paper consumption and will soon surpass the United States.
Source: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)

It is estimated that 95% of business information is still stored on paper.
Source: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)

Although paper is traditionally identified with reading and writing, communications has now been replaced by packaging as the single largest category of paper use at 41% of all paper used.
Recycling 54 kg of newspaper will save one tree.
Source: Government of Canada, Digital Collections

Paper and paper products account for more than 1/3 of all Canada’s waste. 6 million tonnes of paper and paperboard annually. Only 1/4 of Canada’s waste paper and paperboard is recycled.
Source: Environment Canada

Paper manufacturing is the 3rd largest user of fossil fuels worldwide.
Source: American Forest and Paper Association

115 billion sheets of paper are used annually for personal computers.
Source: Worldwatch Institute

700 pounds of paper are consumed by the average American each year.
Source: Environmental Defense Fund, Champion Paper Mills

10,000 trees are cut down annually in China to make holiday cards.
Source: Xinhua News Agency

77% of paper is recycled in the Netherlands.
67% of paper is recycled in Germany.
52% of paper is recycled in Japan.
45% of paper is recycled in the U.S
Source: Worldwatch Institute